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ATEX and IEC Ex Flame-proof Explosion Proof Lighting & Equipment
Explosion Proof Lights
Explosion Proof Motors - Motors for Hazardous Locations
Industrial and Vaporproof Emergency Failsafe Lighting
Industrial Cord Reels and Tool Taps
Industrial Work Area Heaters
Machine Vision Lights
Megatowerâ„¢
QC Series Industrial Portable Lighting - Quick Change Mount
Rig Lights
Stadium lights
String Lights and Temporary Light Stringers
Tank Cleaning Lights
Three Phase Motor Soft Starters
Vapor Proof LED Lights
Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs)
Vehicle Mounting Plates
Workboat Light Fixtures & Lighting Equipment
Yacht Engine Room Lights
Color Changing LED RGB Lighting
Explosion Proof Cord Reels
GOLIGHT Spotlights
Larson FUTURE - Lease Lighting
Remote Area Lighting and Scene Lights
Utility Bucket Mount, Receiver Hitch & Trailer Mount Lighting
Aevum Control Lighting and Equipment - IIoT
Butane and Solvent Extraction Room Lighting and Equipment
DC to DC Transformers and Power Supplies
Explosion Proof Fans & Blowers
Explosion Proof Paint Spray Booth Approved Lights
Explosion Proof String Lights
Explosion Proof Switchgear & Controls
Fleet Service Lights and Lighting Equipment
Industrial Equipment Trailers
Industrial Handlamps & Droplights
ISO 14644/FS-209E Clean Room Lighting
LED Blasting Lights
Night Time Fishing Lights
Portable AC Power Supply Units
Portable Power Distribution Panels
Power Distribution Panels with KVA Transformers
Self-Contained Lighting
Service Pit Lighting
Solar Generators & Solar Powered Lighting
Agricultural Farm Equipment Lighting & Beacons
Explosion Proof Cameras & Surveillance Systems
Explosion Proof Emergency Lights
Explosion Proof Heaters
Garage & Gas Station Canopy Lights
LED Grow Lights
LED Lights
NDT Ultraviolet Lights
Portable Hazardous Location Lighting
Radio Communication Towers and Equipment
Salt Water Processing Equipment
Shelter & Tent Lighting
Thermal Monitoring Cameras and Systems
48V LED Equipment Lights
ATEX Rated Explosion Proof Lights
Automotive Lighting
Class Rated Signals, Alarms, and Systems
Hazardous Location Area Lights and Portable Lighting
HID Equipment Lights
Hot Work Permit Lighting and Equipment
Hunting Lights
Industrial lasers
Industrial Transformers
Light Towers
Outdoor Lighting
Remote Security and Surveillance Systems
Temporary Construction Lights
Vehicle Mounted Spotlights
Equipment & Heavy Machinery LED Light Package Fitouts
Phase Converters - Single to Three Phase
Marine Shore Power Cords and Equipment
24 Volt Military Lights
Disaster Relief / First Responders / Search & Rescue Lighting
Plastic Handcuff Key
110/120 Volt Flood Lights
Post Mount Spotlights
Magnetic Work Lights
Crank-up Light Masts
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Intrinsically Safe Lights
Military Flashlights
LED Waterproof Lanterns
Work Area Lights
12 Volt Flood Lights
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Boat Spotlights
New Boat Lights
HID Boat Lights
Boat Dock Lights
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Remote Control Lights
Control Lights
Tow Lights
Magnetic Control Lights
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NEW Lights and New Products
Evaporative Coolers
Police Equipment
AC/DC Transformers
Power Supplies
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Military Spotlights 24V
Infrared Filters, Covert Covers, and Blackout IR Lenses
Military Equipment
Ultralife Batteries
Remote Control Pan Tilt Base
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Larson Electronics Spotlights
Larson Electronics Parts
Replacement Lamps
Cords - Brackets
Portable Wheeled Generators
Non-Hazardous Location Extension Cords / Plugs / Outlets
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HID Work Lights
HID Dive Lights
HID Off Road Lights
Acro Lights HID Lights
Halogen Lights
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Acro Light Flashlight
Xenon HID Flashlights
Powerlight Flashlight
HID Flashlights
Xenon Flashlights
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LED Status Lights
Forklift Lights
Tractor Lights
HID Post Mount Lights
Roof Mount Lights
Post Mount Light parts
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Flashlight Holder
Magnet Spotlight Base
Tripods-Magnetic Base
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Recharging Spotlights
Fire Rescue Lights
LED Street Lights
Utility Lights
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Hazard Lights
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Strobes & Beacons
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Headlights - Headlamps - Hard Hat Lights
Flashlights
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Suction Mount Lights
Magnetic Spotlights
12/24 Volt Spotlights
Gifts For Men
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New 12 / 24 Volt Lights
Explosion Proof Accessories and Replacement Parts
Explosion Proof Lighting
Explosion Proof Hand Lamps (Drop Lights)
Explosion Proof Lights - Stand/Dolly
Explosion Proof Tank Lights
Explosion Proof Phones and Intercoms
Explosion Proof Extension Cords
Black Friday & Cyber Monday Specials
Crane Lights
Explosion Proof Light Rentals
General Light Rentals
Light Tower and Light Plant Rentals
Power Distribution Rentals
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Power Plant Lighting
Refinery lights
Environmental Services Lights
Aerospace Lights
Chemical Plant Lights
Food Grade Safe Lights
Film and Entertainment Lights
Handheld Meters and Devices
Waste Water Treatment Lights
Mining Lights
Ship Yard Lights
Work Site Lighting
         

   
04/30/12 Explosion Proof Oil Rig Lights: Special Considerations for a Growing Industry

Article- April 2012 By Larson Electronics.com

Larson Electronics Oil Rig Lighting

Larson Electronics Marine Use Suitable Oil Rig Light 


The current trends in energy production show no sign of reaching a stable medium, with oil and gas prices continuing to fluctuate heavily due to markets being influenced by abnormal factors including political tensions and domestic unrest in many oil producing countries. However, the main constant in energy production has been a solid consensus that despite moves toward energy efficient technologies and the development of alternative energy sources, demand for fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas will continue to increase. Much of this demand is being driven by the rapid raising of economic and societal standards in underdeveloped nations. Other nations such as China and India also continue to pour resources into domestic development and are experiencing rapid increases in energy demands as a result.

Although natural gas has maintained a steady importance on the world stage as a reliable and clean energy source, the demand for oil has outstripped that of natural gas, and as a result, oil continues to show a marked trend towards rising base costs for a barrel of crude with occasional fluctuations marked by new base averages. The result has been a decline in the efforts to develop natural gas resources, and increases in efforts to maximize production of oil. With the increased demand for oil and the accompanying rise in cost per barrel, the number of oil rigs in operation globally has increased as well. Currently, the number of offshore oil rigs in operation is at a markedly high level, with projected increases in their numbers expected to prove accurate. This is a development that impacts a great many industries and markets as the demand for new platforms increases and efforts to improve production and safety on existing platforms also escalates.  


 

Offshore oil platforms are an effective means for developing the offshore oil deposits that otherwise would be difficult or impossible to utilize. Once established over a promising field, oil rigs operate almost 24 hours a day and can maintain operations indefinitely until the resource has been exhausted. However, due to the demanding environmental conditions offshore platforms are subjected to, a great deal of effort and expense must be expended to ensure the safety of not only the surrounding ecosystem and nearby populated shorelines, but those of the workers aboard the platforms as well. Around the clock oil rig operation requires illumination and lighting equipment designed not only to withstand the harsh conditions of the marine environment, but the specialized hazardous conditions created by the presence of flammable and volatile petrochemicals as well.
 

Under normal conditions, lighting in petrochemical operations is required to be approved for use in hazardous locations. The highly flammable nature of the materials handled and the large quantities present in these operations makes control of ignition sources a critical concern for operating safety. Oil rig lighting takes on even greater importance as not only must the concerns for ignition control be addressed, but the punishing and corrosive effects of the marine environment taken into consideration as well. Any lighting to be used on oil rigs must not only be able to meet federal and international hazardous location safety standards, but be able to resist the effects of the marine environment which could potentially erode the ability of lighting equipment to meet compliance as well.


 

With the number of operational oil rigs rising, the demand for explosion proof lighting equipment suitable for use on these rigs is also increasing. Manufacturers of industrial grade hazardous location lighting gear such as Larson Electronics have over the last several years developed a wide variety of such lighting that takes into account not only the standard requirements for oil rig illumination, but also adds improvements born of new technologies such as LEDs, electronic fluorescent ballasts, backup emergency lighting systems, and hot re-strike capable Metal Halide ballasts.

Effective oil rig lighting equipment also incorporates newer composites and proven materials into their construction which allows them to withstand the wet and corrosive marine environment. While standard explosion proof lighting equipment may be suitable for a land based petrochemical refinery, the corrosion that takes place in the marine environment poses additional hazards in the form of fast paced equipment deterioration. Exposure to salt water and high humidity on a round the clock basis can quickly erode seals, eat through housings, and expose energized contacts, resulting in a loss of device integrity and non compliance.

Powder coated aluminum housings, stainless steel, brass, high impact nylon polymers, heat resistant silicone gasketing, and watertight connectors are just a few of the additional safeguards incorporated into explosion proof rig lighting fixtures that help to not only provide regulation compliance, but the ability to maintain fixture integrity and compliance over extended periods when exposed to abusive environments. Although these added features do increase the costs of these fixtures somewhat, their ability to survive and provide effective and compliant illumination for longer periods without overhaul or replacement helps to offset these higher initial expenses.


We already know from some recent examples just how dangerous offshore drilling and oil production can be. With the increased number of oil rigs currently in operation projected to continue rising, the potential for serious incidents will also increase despite efforts to maintain safety simply due to the larger number of rigs. The best recourse here is for operators to effectively address all potential sources of ignition to prevent accidents related to fires and explosion. Aside from catastrophic leaks and uncontrolled well heads, fire and explosion represents the single greatest threat on an oil platform, and the single best way to address this if through the removal or control of potential ignition sources.

It is not enough to simply incorporate standard explosion proof and intrinsically safe lighting designs into rig illumination plans. The potential damage that corrosion and dampness can erode the integrity of explosion proof housings and fixtures must also be taken into consideration as well. As a result, explosion proof oil rig lighting must be specifically designed to meet marine use compliance as well as NEC, ATEX or IECex compliance if safe operation over long term use is to be ensured.  





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